外川 拓

Associate Professor (Department of Management)
B.A. (Business Association), Tokai University
M.A. (Commerce), Ph.D. (Commerce) Waseda University

Email: togawa(at)

Message to Prospective Students

“Normality is a paved road: it’s comfortable to walk but no flowers grow.” (Vincent van Gogh)
Ordinariness or smartness is not always helpful for your growth. Instead, talents sometimes bloom through walking the bumpy road, stumbling many times, and overcoming setbacks. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes or being laughed at. Try new things and unleash your potential at Sophia University.

Research Interests and Teaching Areas

Marketing Strategy, Consumer Behavior

Selected Works

Personal Works

Sophia University

For Others, With Others