Font Size
L
M
S

ABOUT

  1. HOME
  2. About
  3. Aiming for a campus without harassment
  4. Definition of Harassment
Message
Message from The Chancellor
Message from The President
Mission
Educational Ideals
Jesuit Tradition
School Insignia and the School Name
Sophia University School Song
Jesuit Educational Institutions for Tertiary Education in the World
History
History of Sophia University
Arrival of St. Francis Xavier~1967
1968~1992
1993~
Learning about SOPHIA on the Web
Spirit of Sophia
The Society of Jesus and the Founding of Sophia University
Three Jesuit priests arrive at the port of Yokohama
Ignatius and the Jesuit religious order
The Spiritual Exercises as the spiritual foundation of the Jesuits
The Comrades of Ignatius and the Founding of the Jesuits
The Jesuits after the Death of Ignatius
The Suppression of the Society of Jesus because of its Resistance to Political Absolutism
The Society of Jesus and the Education of Women
The Development of Sophia University after World War II
Growth by Adding a Faculty of Science and Technology to the already existing Faculties
Overview
Sophia’s Special Characteristics
Sophia Factbook
Statistics 2017 - Sophia at a Glance
Annual Operating Plans
Financial Report
Organization Chart
Sophia University Visual Identity
Long-Range Planning
Grand Layout 2.0 (2014-2023)
Archives
On the Occasion of the Announcement of the "Grand Layout"
"Grand Layout"for Renewal of Education, Research, and the Campus Facilities (the Board of Trustees' Draft Plan)
Campus photos
Campus photos (ceremonies and events)
Open Campus 2015 - Part 1
Open Campus 2015 - Part 2
Sophia University “Yukata” Day 2015
Entrance Ceremony 2015 - Part 1
Entrance Ceremony 2015 - Part 2
Graduation Ceremony 2014- Part 1
Graduation Ceremony 2014- Part 2
Sogang-Sophia Festival of Exchange (SOFEX) 2014 held in Seoul
Nursing commitment ceremony
Graduation Ceremony in Sept. 2014 and Entrance Ceremony in Sept. 2014
Campus photos(campus scenes)
Sophia’s Yotsuya Campus - Spring and summer (Photos: Keigado)
Sophia’s Yotsuya Campus - Autumn and winter (Photos: Keigado)
Campus in spring
Campus in summer
Campus in autumn
Campus in winter
Campus during Christmas Season
Mejiro Seibo Campus 1
Mejiro Seibo Campus 2
Publications
Monumenta Nipponica
SOPHIA magazine - the Magazine for Overseas Readers
Sophia University Press
English titles
About SUP
Order Information
Aiming for a campus without harassment
Definition of Harassment
How to prevent harassment
What to do if you are harassed
The steps to be taken for resolving harassment cases
What to do if your advice is sought
What to do if you witness a scene of harassment
Consultants
Guidelines for Preventing Harassment
Basic Policy concerning Harassment
Definition of Harassment
Activities to increase awareness of harassment and its prevention
The scope of the application of the Guidelines
Consulting
The process to reach a solution
Points to be noted about harassment
Regulations, committees and the rules on harassment
Regulations
Sophia School Corporation Regulations Concerning Prevention of Harassment
Detailed Regulations of the Harassment Prevention Committee
Detailed Regulations of Harassment Consultants
Detailed Regulations on Harassment Consulting and Investigation Procedures
For Press
News Media Policies and Shooting at Sophia University
Official Sophia Social Media Accounts

Definition of Harassment

Harassment on Campus

Society faces various types of harassment; harassments that are likely to occur on campus are sexual harassment, academic harassment and power harassment.  The definitions and case examples of the three types of harassment are given below.

Definition and case examples of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment refers to any unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature and physical behavior or verbal expressions arising from a sexually discriminative disposition. In determining whether a particular act constitutes sexual harassment, consideration will be given to the impression of the offended person, whether he/she finds it disagreeable or not.

The following cases are some of the examples:

_At a karaoke party a person became drunk and forced you to sing a duet with him/her and wrapped his/her arms tightly around you.

Being drunk is not an excuse for such an act. The act performed is the issue and there is no excuse for the harasser even if he/she "did not mean to".

_A picture of a nude was hung on the walls of the research lab or on the computer screen and it made you feel uncomfortable.

The harasser did not actually say anything specific or touch anyone, but he/she has made the environment hostile.

_Your academic supervisor told you to come to his/her office for individual study and there asked you out for a date or dinner. Reluctantly, you had to accept invitations a few times, but you firmly rejected it later on. Then the academic supervisor started to pick on you during classes and gave you the lowest grade.

It is quid pro quo sexual harassment when a person with a higher status in an academic relationship, such as an academic supervisor, makes unwelcome requests and, when rejected, exacts some form of retribution.

_A person asked you out for a date and you rejected it several times and now he/she follows you frequently.

Stalking is a harmful act of sexual violence which frightens and threatens the victim, inducing anxiety and fears for one's safety.

_A senior student I have been going out with has become violent. When I refused to go out on a date the other day he hit me in the face and it left a bruise. But the next day he is suddenly nice and gentle again, and I cannot make up my mind to leave him.

It may be difficult to tell the partner that such violent behavior (dating/domestic violence) is unwelcome as you feel you should put up with it because “I know he likes me” or “if I complain he will not like me any more”. It is difficult to tell someone that you dislike such behavior because you may think "He likes me so it can't be helped" or "I have to put up with it because he won't like me if I complain". However, violence is never an expression of affection. Clearly tell him that you want him to stop before the violence escalates further.

_You are a member of a student club that has very few male members. You were asked to do all the heavy physical work and when you gave a hint of fatigue you were ridiculed for "being a man and so weak".

It is "gender harassment" based on the social gender roles of femininity and masculinity. Different from the biological "sex", gender is a socially and culturally formed type of sexuality.

Definition of Academic Harassment and some examples

Academic harassment is discrimination committed by persons with authority or in higher position such as senior professors abusing their power against junior faculty members or students through inappropriate behavior in educational and research environment.

○Your supervising professor asks you frequently to help him/her in classes and other odd jobs without pay. When you rejected the request once, you were reprimanded for “not being willing to receive his/her guidance and teaching” and from then on you find it difficult to attend classes.

→It is academic harassment when persons with authority or in higher academic position abuse their power through inappropriate behavior, guidance or treatment. Sophia will not tolerate any such harassment to affect the motivation of students and educational environment.

Definition of Power Harassment and some examples

Power harassment is committed by faculty or staff members abusing their power against other members through inappropriate behavior at work.

○Your superior officer gives you a heavy work load clearly exceeding the limits and you are unable to complete the work by the time limit. The superior accuses you of being “incompetent” in the presence of your fellow workers and when you object he/she tells you to “quit the job, if you do not like it”.

→It is power harassment when a person abuses his/her power and position to an inferior who can not disobey and gives unreasonable orders and reprimands.

Back

Page Top